Chapter 3: The Belief in Allah Part 1
1 - Belief In Allah’s Existence Allah’s existence is affirmed
through Fitrah (the innate purity that Allah creates in every human being), the
Mind, the Shari’ah (Islamic Law) and the senses.
a) As for the Fitrah, we say the following: Allah created the
belief in Him in every human being. Mankind needs not to be taught this belief
or think about how to possess it. However, the ones who have this Fitrah
corrupted will not benefit from it. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)
said, what translated means, “Every newly born will be born having Fitrah.
However, his parents will either convert him to Judaism, Christianity or
Majocism (fire worshipping).” [Saheeh al-Bukhari]
b) The Human Mind must be used to prove the existence of Allah.
All this creation, of old and new, must have a Creator who invented and started
it. This creation could not have come to existence on its own or by chance. It
could not have created itself, because it did not exist beforehand. Therefore,
how can it create? Also, the creation could not have been started by accident or
chance. Everything that exists must have a Creator who brought it into
existence. Creation is magnificent in organization, coherent and correlated in
its existence. There is a reason and originator behind every act. All this
nullifies the saying that this entire universe was started by chance. What was
started by chance cannot be organized in its form because it did not have any
organization before it was formed. What makes what was created by chance to be
this organized? If all this creation neither could have created itself nor was
it created by chance, then it must have an Originator, Allah, the Lord of the
worlds. Allah mentioned this reasoning in the Quran, “Were they created by
nothing, or were they themselves the creators?” [52:35].
This Ayah means that men were neither created without a Creator nor did they
create themselves. Therefore, Allah is the One who created them. This is why
when Jubair ibn Mut’im (radiyallaahu anhu) heard the Messenger (sallallahu
alaihi wa-sallam) recite this Surah until he reached, “Were they created by
nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens
and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm belief. Or are with them the Treasures
of your Lord? Or are they the tyrants with authority to do as they like?”
Jubair, a disbeliever then, said, “My heart almost flew (from the power of this
reasoning mentioned in the Surah). This was the first time that Iman entered my
heart.” [Saheeh al-Bukhari]
c) - As for the Shari’ah, all divine religions testify to the fact
that Allah created the world. All Laws that were sent with these divine and
revealed religions contain what benefits mankind. This is evidence to the
existence of a Wise and All-Knowing Lord Who knows what brings benefit to His
creation, All divinely-revealed religions describe a universe that is self
evident to the existence and ability of Allah, Who Creates what He Will.
d) - Also, the senses must be used to prove the existence of
Allah. We know that Allah accepts the supplication from whoever seek His aid and
help, and that He brings them the benefits that they desire. This is clear
evidence to the existence of Allah, who said, what translated means, “And
(remember) Noah, when he cried (to Us) aforetime We listened to his invocation.”
[21:76] and, “(Remember) when you sought help from your Lord and He answered
Anas ibn Malik (radhi allahu anhu) said, “An Arabian (Bedouin) man entered (the
Masjid) on Friday while the Prophet was delivering the speech. He said: ‘O
Messenger of Allah! (Our) possessions are destroyed, (our) children are hungry.
Ask Allah for us.’ He (the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) raised his
hands in supplication (to Allah). All of a sudden, mountain-like clouds were
formed. He did not descend from his Minbar (the podium) until I saw rain falling
through his beard. On the second Friday, this Arabian man, or someone else,
stood up and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam),
Buildings have collapsed and possessions are flooded. Ask Allah for us.’ He (the
Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) raised his hands and said: ‘O my Lord!
Around us and not on us.’ Wherever he pointed to an area (of the sky), they (the
clouds) dispersed.” [Saheeh al-Bukhari]
Allah’s acceptance of supplication has been and still is a known matter until
today. It is given to those who are true in their seeking refuge in Allah and
perform supplication in the correct manner to ensure its acceptance. Also, there
are the signs that Allah gave His Prophets, which are called miracles. People
witnessed or heard these miracles. They are clear evidence that the One who sent
the Messengers exists, and He is Allah the All Mighty.
These miracles are activities that are beyond the capability of mankind. Allah
gave them to His Messengers as a way of aiding them and giving them victory. An
example of these miracles is the sign given of Moses. Allah ordered him to
strike the sea with his stick, and the sea parted into twelve separate pads
between mountains of water on each side of these parts, “Then We inspired
Moses (saying): “Strike the sea with your stick. And it parted, and each
separated part (of that sea water) became like the huge, firm mass of a
mountain.” [26:63]. Another example is the miracle of Jesus. He was given
the power by Allah to raise the dead from their graves and back into life. Allah
said about him, what translated means, “And I bring the dead to life by
Allah’s leave.” [3:49] and, “And when you (O Jesus) brought forth the
dead by My Permission.” [5:110]
A third example is the miracle Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) performed.
His tribe, Quraysh, asked him to perform a miracle. He pointed to the moon and
it separated into two parts while his people were witnessing the incident. Allah
said about this miracle, what translated means, “The Hour has drawn near, and
the moon has been cleft asunder. And if they see a sign, they turn away, and
say: “This is continuous magic.” [54:1-2]. All these miracles, that Allah
gave to His Messengers as an aid and victory and that were witnessed by their
nations, are proof that Allah exists.
2 - Belief In Allah’s Lordship This means to believe that Allah is
the Lord, alone, and that He has no partners or helpers. The Rabb (Lord) is the
One who Creates and Commands. There is no creator except Allah and there is no
owner of the universe except Him. The Commandment and the Control is His. He
said, what translated means, “Surely, His is the Creation and commandment.”
[7:54] and, “Such is Allah your Lord; His is the Kingdom. And those whom you
invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmir (the membrane over
the date-stone)." [35:13]. Only a few people rejected Allah’s Lordship. These
are the arrogant ones who deny what they believe deep in their hearts. This
happened from Pharaoh, when he said to his people, as was mentioned in the
Qur’aan, “I am your lord, most high.” [79:24] and, “O chiefs! I know
not that you have a god other than me!” [28:38].
However, what he said was not his true belief. Allah said, what translated
means, “And they belied them (Our Signs) wrongfully and arrogantly, though
their own selves were convinced thereof” [27:14].
Also, Moses said to Pharaoh, as was mentioned in the Quran, ”Verily, you know
that these Signs have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the
earth as clear (evidences of His Oneness and Might). And I think you are,
indeed, O Pharaoh, doomed to destruction.” [17:102]. The Arab disbelievers
of old used to confirm Allah’s Lordship, although they associated others with
Him in worship.
Allah said, what translated means, “Say: “Whose is the earth and whosoever is
therein? If you know!” They will say: “It is Allah’s!” Say: “Will you not
then remember?” Say: “Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the
Great Throne?” They will say: “Allah.” Say: “Will you not then fear Allah?” Say:
“In Whose Hands is the sovereignty of everything? And He protects (all), while
against Whom there is no protector, if you know?” They will say: “(All this
belongs) to Allah.” Say: “How then are you deceived and turn away from the
And indeed if you ask them: “Who has created the heavens and the earth?” They
will surely say: “The All-Mighty, the All-Knower created them.” [43:9]
and, “And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say: “Allah.”
How then are they turned away (from His worship)” [43:87].
Allah’s order comprises of both, His running of the universe and the
Commandment. He is the One who controls the creation and the One who does what
He will, according to His Wisdom. He is also the One who gives the Commandment
organizing aspects of worship and dealings, according to His Wisdom. Whoever
takes anyone, besides Allah, to be the one who commands acts of worship or types
of dealings, will have committed Shirk (disbelief, association in worship) with
Allah. This act negates Iman.
3 - The Belief That He Is the ILAH: Allah is the Ilah, meaning He
is the Worshipped One Who has no partners. This Ilah is worshipped with love and
reverence. He said, what translated means, “And your Lord is One Lord, there
is none who has the right to be worshipped but He, the Most Beneficent, the Most
and, “Allah bears witness that none has the right to be worshipped but He,
and the Angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is
always) maintaining His creation in Justice, none has the right to be
worshipped but He, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [3:18].
All things that are taken as gods, besides Allah, are false gods, “That is
because Allah is the Truth (the Only True God), and what they (the disbelievers)
invoke besides Him, it is falsehood. And verily, Allah is the Most High, the
Most Great.” [22:62].
There is no worthy of worship exept ALLAH and Mohammed is his messenger