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 Chapter 2: The Pillars of Islam and Eeman

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PostSubject: Chapter 2: The Pillars of Islam and Eeman   Chapter 2: The Pillars of Islam and Eeman Icon_minitimeTue Oct 02, 2007 5:05 am

Chapter 2: The Pillars of Islam and Eeman


The Pillars of Islam are the cornerstones on which Islam is built. There are
five pillars of Islam. They are mentioned in the Hadeeth of ibn Omar (radiyallaahu
anhuma), that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, what translated
means, ‘Islam is built around five (pillars):

1. The testimony that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad (sallallaahu
alaihi wa-sallam) is His slave and Messenger,

2. To establish prayer,

3. To give Zakaat (obligatory charity),

4. To fast in Ramadhan, and,

5. To perform Hajj (pilgrimage).” [Saheeh Muslim and Saheeh al-Bukharee]



1. The Shahadah (the testimony) that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah and that Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) is His
slave and Messenger, requires solid belief, in the heart, in it. This belief
must also be confirmed by the tongue. It is called Shahadah (testimony) to show
that when a believer believes in it, his belief is as solid as if he is an
eyewitness. This Shahadah is one cornerstone, although it contains many aspects
that must be taken as belief. This testimony (comprised of two testimonies as is
apparent), is considered one cornerstone, either because it contains testifying
that Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) is only a conveyer of the Message
from Allah and His slave and Messenger, thus completing the testimony that Allah
is One or because these two testimonies together are the reason behind the
acceptance of deeds by Allah. Deeds are neither valid nor accepted unless they
are done with sincerity for the sake of Allah alone, and this is called “Ikhlas,”
and through following the way of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alaihi
wa-sallam).



Realizing the essence of this testimony, that there is no god except Allah, is a
result of Ikhlas (sincerity) to Allah. Realizing the essence of testifying that
Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam) is His slave and Messenger, comes as a
result of following the Messenger of Allah. This magnificent testimony leads to
many sweet results. It frees the hearts and souls from being enslaved to the
creation and from following other than the Messenger.



2. Establishing the prayers means to worship Allah by praying to
Him. One must preserve the prayers by establishing them on time and in the best
manner, as taught by the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa-sallam). Rewards for
establishing the prayers include tranquility and happiness that are felt in the
heart. Prayer also leads one to abandoning evil deeds and behavior.



3. Paying Zakat is worshipping Allah by paying the amount of
charity obligated on the ones who have enough money or possessions that require
paying Zakat. Paying the required Zakat leads to cleansing the heart from the
evil of misery. It also fulfills the needs of Islam and Muslims.



4. Fasting Ramadhan contains worshipping Allah by fasting during
the days of this month, by not eating or drinking from dawn to sunset. Fasting
trains the souls to abandon what is preferred and desired, seeking the pleasure
of Allah.



5. Performing Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) is worshipping Allah by
visiting the Holy House to perform the rituals of Hajj. Hajj trains the souls to
spend time and physical effort, seeking to obey Allah. This is why Hajj is
considered a type of Jihad (struggle).



These fruits of performing the pillars of Islam, along with many others we did
not mention, make the Muslim nation pure and clean. They lead the nation to
preserving the religion of Truth and dealing with the creation in the best
manners of justice and truthfulness. All other acts of the religion depend on
how well these pillars are preserved. The Ummah (Muslim nation) can reach
success as long as its members preserve the religion. This Ummah will not reach
the desired success as long as the religion is not fully respected and
preserved.



Whoever wants to be certain of the above-mentioned facts, let him read the
following Ayat (verses), “And if the people of the towns had believed and had
piety, certainly, We should have opened for them blessings form the heaven and
the earth, but they belied (the Messengers). So We took them (with punishment)
for what they used to earn (of evil deeds). Did the people of the towns then
feel secure against the coming of Our punishment by night while they were
asleep? Or, did the people of the towns then feel secure against the coming of
Our punishment in the forenoon while they play? Did they then feel secure
against the plot of Allah? None feels secure form the plot of Allah except the
people who are lost” [7:96-99]. Let him also read the history of previous
nations, which gives valuable lessons for whoever is in possession of a mind
that comprehends and is rightly guided. This history is a light for those whose
hearts are not blocked from the truth. All our dependence is on Allah.



Pillars of Islamic Belief

Islam, as we explained before, is belief and Laws. We mentioned some pillars of
the Laws. These pillars are the basis of Islamic Law. As for the Islamic
‘Aqeedah (creed), its pillars are: Believing in Allah, His Angels, His Books,
His Messengers, the Last Day and the good or bad that Qadar (predestination)
brings. These pillars are mentioned in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His
Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam).



Allah said, what translated means, “Righteousness is not that you (only) turn
your faces towards the East and (or) the West (in prayers); but righteousness is
(the quality) of the one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the
Book and the Prophets” [2:177], and with regards to Qadar, “Verily, We have
created all things with Qadar. And Our Commandment is but one, as the twinkling
of an eye.” [54:49].



In the Sunnah, the Messenger of Allah said, in answer to Gibreel when he asked
him about Iman (belief), “Iman is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books,
His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in the Qadar and what it brings of
good or bad.” [ Saheeh Muslim]

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