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 Types of Kufr (Disbelief)

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Ahmed
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Ahmed

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PostSubject: Types of Kufr (Disbelief)   Tue Oct 02, 2007 6:18 am

Types of Kufr (Disbelief)

Imaam ibn Katheer rahimahullaah

Adapted from 'Tafseer ibn Katheer
'



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



The following information was excerpted from the appendices to the English
translation of TAFSEER IBN KATHEER.



The Qur'aan uses the word Kufr to denote people who cover up or hide realities.
The Qur'aan uses this word to identify those who denied Allaah's favors by not
accepting His Dominion and Authority. Kufr thus is an antonym for Iman or
disbelief in Allaah and a Kaafir is a non-believer. This type of Kufr is called
AL-KUFR UL AKBAR or major kufr. There are many types of Al-Kufr ul Akbar:



1. Kufrul-'Inaad: Disbelief out of stubborness. This applies to someone
who knows the truth and admits to knowing the truth and admits to knowing it
with his tongue, but refuses to accept it and refrains from making a
declaration. Allaah subhanahu wa ta'ala says: Throw into Hell every stubborn
disbeliever [Soorah Qaaf (50), Ayah 24]



2. Kufrul-Inkaar: Disbelief out of denial. This applies to someone who
denies with both heart and tongue. Allaah subhanahu wa ta'ala says: They
recognize the favors of Allaah, yet they deny them. Most of them are
disbelievers. [Soorah Nahl (16), Ayah 83]



3. Kufrul-Kibr: Disbelief out of arrogance and pride. The disbelief by
the devils (Iblees) is an example of this type of Kufr.



4. Kufrul-Juhood: Disbelief out of rejection.This applies to someone who
aknowledges the truth in his heart, but rejects it with his tongue. This types
of kufr is applicable to those who calls themselves Muslims but who reject any
necessary and accepted norms of Islam such as Salaat and Zakat. Allaah subhanahu
wa ta'ala says: They denied them (OUR SIGNS) even though their hearts believed
in them , out of spite and arrogance. [Soorah Naml (27), Ayah 14]



5. Kufrul-Nifaaq: Disbelief out of hypocrisy.This applies to someone who
pretends to be a believer but conceals his disbelief. Such a person is called a
MUNAFIQ or hypocrite. Allaah subhanahu wa ta'ala says: Verily the
hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of Hell. You will find no one to help
them. [Soorah An Nisaa (4), Ayah 145]



6. Kufrul-Istihaal: Disbelief out of trying to make HARAM into
HALAL
. This applies to someone who accepts as lawful (Halal) that which
Allaah has made unlawful (Haram) like alcohol or adultery.Only Allaah subhanahu
wa ta'ala has the prerogative to make things Halal and Haram and those who seek
to interfere with His right are like rivals to Him and therefore fall outside
the boundries of faith.



7. Kufrul-Kurh: Disbelief out of detesting any of Allaah's subhanahu wa
ta'ala commands. Allaah subhanahu wa ta'ala says: Perdition (destruction) has
been consigned to those who disbelieve and He will render their actions void.
This is because they are averse to that which Allaah has revealed so He has made
their actions fruitless. [Soorah Muhammed (47), Ayah 8-9]



8. Kufrul-Istihzaha: Disbelief due to mockery and derision. Allaah
subhanahu wa ta'ala says: Say: Was it at Allaah, His signs and His apostles that
you were mocking? Make no excuses. You have disbelieved after you have believed.
[Soorah Taubah (9), ayah 65-66]



9. Kufrul-I'raadh: Disbelief due to avoidance. This applies to those who
turn away and avoid the truth. Allaah subhanahu wa ta'ala says: And who is more
unjust than he who is reminded of his Lord's signs but then turns away from
them. Then he forgets what he has sent forward (for the Day of Judgement) [Soorah
Kahf (18), Ayah 57]



10. Kufrul-Istibdaal: Disbelief because of trying to substitute Allaah's
Laws. This could take the form of:



(a) Rejection of Allaah's law (Sharee'ah) without denying it



(b) Denial of Allaah's law and therefore rejecting it, or



(c) Substituting Allaah's laws with man-made laws. Allaah subhanahu wa ta'ala
says: Or have they partners with Allaah who have instituted for them a religion
which Allaah has not allowed. [Soorah Shuraa(42), Ayah 8] Allaah subhanahu wa
ta'ala says: Say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely (that)
is lawful and this is forbidden so as to invent a lie against Allaah. Verily,
those who invent a lie against Allaah will never prosper. [Soorah Nahl (16),
Ayah 116]

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