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 Charms and Amulets Part 2

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Ahmed
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Ahmed

Number of posts : 951
Registration date : 2006-10-07

PostSubject: Charms and Amulets Part 2   Tue Oct 02, 2007 6:30 am

Charms and
Amulets Part 2




Compiled by
Shawana A Aziz



From As-Sunnah Bimonthly
Islamic Newsletter



Charms as
a means of Healing Sickness:


Another
popular use of charms is that it is regarded as a remedy to many diseases or
protection from the evil eye. This kind of use is also prohibited, Imraan Ibn
Hussain (radhiallahu anhu) reported that when the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) saw a brass bangle on a man's upper arm, he said to him, "Woe be on
you. What is this?" The man replied that it was to protect him from a sickness
called Waahinah (weakness). The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) then said: "Cast it off, for verily, it would only increase your
weakness. And if you die with it on, you will never succeed." [Musnad Ahmad
and others]


Meaning Allah
will not protect him, who hangs charms on his body, rather He would abandon
him and assign him to the charm, which will avail him nothing. Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "He who wears a thing shall be
committed to it." [At-Tirmidhee]


A Muslim's
attitude in times of sickness should be to be patient and seek help with
Allah. "And (remember) Ayyub, when he called to his Lord, 'Verily,
adversity has touched me, and You are the Most Merciful of the Merciful.' So,
We answered his call, and removed all afflictions."
[Soorah al-Ambiya
(21): 83]


The Messenger
of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) advised Ibn Abbas (radhiallahu anhu)
and said: "When you invoke, invoke Allah alone, and when you ask for help, ask
Allah alone. And know that if the nation (meaning mankind and the Jinn) came
together to bring you benefit, they can never bring you any benefit except
that which Allah has written for you. And if they came together to harm you,
they will never be able to harm you, except what Allah has written for you.
The pens have already been raised (and stopped writing) and the pages have
dried." [Musnad Ahmad and at-Tirmidhee]


Allah says:
"Give glad tidings to the patient those who when afflicted with a calamity,
say: 'Truly, to Allah we belong; truly to Him will we return.' It is those who
will be awarded blessings and mercy from their Lord; and it is these who are
the guided ones.
" [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 155]



Therefore, he who resigns to Allah, seeks refuge in Him and commits his
affairs to Him, Allah will suffice him, and make the difficulty easy for him.
But he who attaches himself to the creation of Allah, like charms and amulets,
Allah will abandon him to what he attaches himself to, and nothing will avail
him of those things which neither harm nor benefit anyone. By using charms,
the slave severs his relation with Allah and destroys his own creed.


It is a duty
on the Muslim to safeguard his Aqeedah and the Aqeedah of his family members
against all defects. He should not take unlawful remedies, nor approach
misleading healers, because they will blemish his heart and creed. He who
depends on Allah, Allah will suffice him.


The Sahabah (radhiallahu
anhu) were very strict in regards to charms and omens, whether it be within
one's family or outside it. Zaynab, the wife of Abdullah Ibn Mas'oud, reports
that once Ibn Mas'oud saw a cord of necklace around her neck and asked, 'What
is it?' She replied: 'It is a cord in which a spell has been placed to help
me.' He snatched it from her neck, broke it and said: "Surely the family of
Abdullah has no need for Shirk! I have heard Allah's Messenger (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) say: 'Verily spells, talismans and charms are Shirk.'"


Zaynab
replied: 'Why are you saying this? My eye used to twitch and when I went to so
and so, the Jew, he put a spell on it and it stopped twitching.' Ibn Mas'oud
said: 'Verily, it was only a devil prodding it with his hand, so when you had
it bewitched he left it. It would have been sufficient for you to say:




Transliteration:
"Idh-habil-ba's
Rabban-naas washfi antash-shafee Laa shifaa' illa shifaa'uk shifaa'aan laa
yughaadiruhu saqama"





"Remove the suffering, O
Lord of mankind and heal it perfectly as You are the True Healer. There is no
cure except Your cure; a cure which is not followed by sickness."

[Sunan Abu Dawood (vol: 3, no: 3874)] Classed as Saheeh by al-Albanee in al-Silsilat
al-Saheehah (331 and 2972)]


A sick person
can resort to permissible means of treatment like medicines, the Messenger of
Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "Seek treatment, because Allah did
not create a sickness but has created a treatment for it, except for old age."
[Abu Dawood. Authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh al-Jami no: 29302]
In this context, magnetic belts, etc., which have been medically proven to
have health benefits can be used for treatment. They do not fall under the
category of charms and omens.


Casual use
of Charms


Sometimes the
use of charms is not due to false beliefs, but is merely an imitation of the
Kuffar, which is also a very serious issue. Muslims are strictly prohibited
from adopting any non-Islamic practice or imitating the non-Muslims, whether
it be creed or actions. Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) has
warned the Muslim Ummah in several Ahaadeeth on different occasions against
imitation of the Kuffar, he (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) once said: "Whoever
imitates a people, he is one of them." [(Saheeh) Musnad Ahmad (vol: 2, no:
50)]


Therefore,
any resemblance to the Kuffar in any aspect must be strictly avoided. If the
charm used has a religious significance to the disbelievers, like the cross of
the Christians, saffron strings or black threads of the Hindus, etc. then the
matter becomes even more grave.


Qur'aanic
Charms


Qur'aanic
charms are those objects, which have parts of the Qur'aan or some of Allah's
Names and Attributes inscribed on them. These objects are worn for the purpose
of healing. Scholars are at variance concerning wearing them; some believe in
its permissibility, while others reject them. The second opinion is correct,
due to many reasons:


(a) The
general prohibition of wearing them. Ibn Mas'oud (radhiallahu anhu), who
disapproved the practice of Qur'aanic charms said: "I heard the Messenger of
Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) say: "Charms, Amulets and Tiwalah
*
are all acts of Shirk." [Abu Dawood and Musnad Ahmad]


[*
Tiwaalah (bewitchment) is a spell, which is used to make a man love his wife,
or the other way round.]


(b) Barring
access to what may lead to the unlawful.


(c) If one
wears an amulet containing Qur'aanic verses, he is apt to carry it with him to
washrooms, while relieving or cleaning himself or the like.


(d) The use
of Qur'aan in such a manner is neither proved by the Sunnah of Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), nor the practice of the Sahabah.
Therefore, using the Qur'aan as a charm is categorized as a Bidah (innovation
in the religion), regarding which Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) said: "Whoever innovates in Islam something which does not belong
to it will have it rejected." [Saheeh al-Bukharee (vol: 3, no: 861)]


Furthermore,
wearing Qur'aanic verses for healing contradicts the Prophetic way of curing
sickness through the means of Qur'aan.


Imaam Muslim
(rahimahullah) records the following Hadeeth under the chapter, 'Curing of the
Patient with the recitation of Mu'awwidhatan.' Aaishah (radhi allahu anha)
reported that when the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) fell
ill, he recited over his body Mu'awwidhatan (Soorah al-Falaq and Soorah an-Nas)
and blew over him and when his sickness was intensified, I used to recite over
him, and rub him with his hand with the hope that it was more blessed. [Saheeh
Muslim vol: 3, no: 5440]


So, the
correct way is to recite Qur'aanic verses and supplications mentioned in the
Sunnah and blow by mouth on the sick. This practice is known as 'Ruqya', and
is proved from a number of authentic narrations. "Some Companions of the
Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) went on a journey until they reached
some of the Arab tribes (at night). The chief of that tribe was bitten by a
snake (or stung by a scorpion) and nothing could cure him. One of the Sahabah
recited Soorah Al-Faatihah and breathed hard over the chief, who recovered as
if he was released from a chain, stood up and started walking, showing no
signs of sickness.


When Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) was informed about the incident, he
approved of it and asked: "How did you know that Soorah Al-Faatihah can be
recited as a Ruqyah?" [Saheeh al-Bukharee (vol: 3, no: 476)]



This is the meaning of the verse, where Allah says: "We send down the
Qur'aan that which is healing and a mercy for the believer, but it does not
increase the wrongdoers except in loss."
[Soorah al-Isra (17): 82]


Using
Numerology on Quraanic Verses


Qur'aanic
charms are not only limited to writing down Qur'aanic verses and hanging them
around the necks. Many people make use of Numerology to make amulets.



Numerology is
an age-old science practiced by Hinduism and other Eastern religions.
Alphabets are assigned certain number, and in the same fashion words, phrases
and sentences are given a certain number based upon certain calculations. The
Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) never used numerology in relation to the
Qur'aan and neither did his Companions. It is therefore an evil innovation


Innovation is
an action, which..


(a) Does
not have any supporting proof from the Qur'aan and the Sunnah,


(b) It is
done to gain the pleasure of Allah (therefore worldly affairs are excluded).


A false
argument is put forth in defense of Qur'aanic Numerology that since the time
of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), the Qur'aan has been
translated into different languages for the reason of spreading and preserving
it. Therefore, Qur'aanic Numerology is not an innovation.


This is a
false comparison because Numerology is neither a language nor does it help in
preserving or spreading the teachings of the Qur'aan. The sole purpose of
Numerology is to make charms and amulets, which are used as a part of the
religion to avert misfortune, evil eye, etc.


There was a
need at the time of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) for
protection from evil eye and magic and Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
has given us complete guidance with respect to the use the Qur'aan against
them.


Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) did not use Numerology at his time,
therefore there can be no basis for using it after his time. Lastly,
numerology is a blatant imitation of the Kuffar and all of these above proofs
establish that numerology is an evil action and should be shunned, even if it
is widely practiced and propagated these days.

_________________
There is no worthy of worship exept ALLAH and Mohammed is his messenger
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