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 Charms and Amulets Part 1

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Ahmed
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Ahmed

Number of posts : 951
Registration date : 2006-10-07

PostSubject: Charms and Amulets Part 1   Tue Oct 02, 2007 6:31 am

Charms and
Amulets Part 1




Compiled by
Shawana A Aziz



From As-Sunnah Bimonthly
Islamic Newsletter


Good
and bad Fortune


The life of
this world is a test from Allah, Allah says: "(Allah is) Who has created
death and life, that He may test which of you is best in deed."
[Soorah
al-Mulk (67): 2]


He, the Most
High, in His Great Wisdom has also created fluctuations, which are a part of
the test, in order to test our patience and perseverance. Allah says: "We
shall make a trial for you with evil and with good, and to Us you will be (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam)eturned."
[Soorah al-Ambiyah (21): 34-35]


The Messenger
of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "Afflictions continue to befall
believing men and women in their body, family and property, until they meet
Allah burdened with no sins."

[(Saheeh) by Shaikh al-Albanee
in Sahihah (2280) at-Tirmidhee]



Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "Those who are most
afflicted among the people are the Prophets, then the best, then the (next)
best. One is afflicted in accordance with (the strength of) his Deen. If his
Deen is firm, his affliction is hard, and if his Deen is weak, his affliction
is light. Indeed, one would be so much subjected to adversity until he walks
among the people with any sins." [(Saheeh) by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh al-Jamee
(993) Musnad Ahmad and at-Tirmidhee]


Therefore,
afflictions and testing are required for a believer to achieve victory, honor
and, well being.



The Qur'aan explains that the complete wisdom behind these occurrences is
beyond our understanding, since our knowledge is limited to the apparent
occurrences. Therefore, as Allah says in the Qur'aan: "Perhaps you may
dislike something which is really good for you or like something (which is
actuallly) bad for you, but Allah knows (what is best for you) and you do
not."
[Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 216]



Thus, what we know as good fortune and bad fortune are mere events predestined
by Allah as a test for the human. They take place only by the Permission of
Allah and He alone has the Power to avert their harm. It is the duty of a
Muslim to have complete Tawakkul (reliance) on Allah and seek His aid in times
of afflictions and trial.


The Messenger
of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) elaborated on this issue in his advise
to Ibn Abbas (radhiallahu anhu), he said: "O young man! I will teach you a few
words: "I'hfath (remember or observe the commands of) Allah and He will
Ya'hfath (direct His care and aid at) you. I'hfath Allah and you will find Him
with you (by His aid, knowledge and protection). When you invoke, invoke Allah
alone, and when you ask for help, ask Allah alone. And know that if the nation
(meaning mankind and the Jinn) came together to bring you benefit, they can
never bring you any benefit except that which Allah has written for you. And
if they came together to harm you, they will never be able to harm you, except
what Allah has written for you. The pens have already been raised (and stopped
writing) and the pages have dried." [Musnad Ahmad and at-Tirmidhee]






------------------------------------------------------------------------



The belief
associated with Charms and Amulets that they attract good fortune and
avert evil is contradictory to the Islamic belief that Allah Alone has
the Power to benefit and harm, and it is He alone Who can bring good and
avert evil



-------------------------------------------------------------------------


Charms
and Amulets contradict Tawheed


Tawheed
(belief in the Oneness of Allah) is the core of Islam. One of the fundamental
beliefs of Tawheed is that Allah alone has the Power to benefit and harm, it
is He alone Who can bring good and avert evil. Any notion, belief or saying,
which contradicts this belief, leads to the unforgivable sin of Shirk
(associating partners with Allah). Allah says: "Verily, Allah will not
forgive Shirk, but He forgives anything besides it to whomsoever He wishes."

[Soorah an-Nisa (4): 48]


The belief
associated with good luck charms that they attract good fortune and avert evil
is thus committing Shirk. It was the practice of the Arabs at the time of
Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) to wear lockets, bracelets,
beads, shells, etc. as charms. Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
is reported to have rejected all such practices.


Uqbah (radhiallahu
anhu) reported: "Once a group of men approached the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) to give their oaths of allegiance. The Prophet (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) accepted the oath from nine but refused one. When he was
asked the reason, he (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) replied: "Verily, he is
wearing an amulet (a charm)." The man put his hand in his cloak, pulled the
amulet off and broke it, then made the oath. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) said: "Whoever wears an amulet has committed Shirk." [Musnad Ahmad.
This Hadeeth was classed as Saheeh by Shaikh al-Albanee in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah,
(492)]


When new
people accepted Islam during the time of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) ; they often carried with them some pagan beliefs. One of them was
the belief in charms, Abu Waaqid al-Laythee reported when Allah's Messenger (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) set out for Hunayn (the site of a major battle), they passed
by a tree called Dhat Anwaar. The idolaters used to hang their weapons on its
branches for good fortune. Some of the Sahabah y who were new to Islam asked
the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) to assign a similar tree for the
Muslims. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) reprimanded them
and said: "Subhan-Allah! This is just like what Moosa's people said to him:
'O Moosa! Make for us a god like they have gods."

[At-Tirmidhee, Musnad Ahmad and others.]


This Hadeeth
demonstrates the grave danger of believing in charms, which are objects, like
beads, bones, seashells, threads, horseshoe, nails etc. worn in the necks or
hung on walls in order to avert evil and bring good fortune. Allah's Messenger
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) compared charms to idols and fake gods, who are
worshiped instead of Allah.


This is
because belief in charms represents the same belief of the idol worshipers.
One who wears charm considers it (the charm) to have the Divine Power to
benefit and harm. Besides, the charm is supposed to be more powerful than
Allah, because they are considered to be able to avert misfortune, which Allah
has already destined. Therefore, Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) has cursed those who use them. Uqbah Ibn Amir reported that the
Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) once said: "May Allah cause failure and
unrest to whoever wears a charm or puts it on others." [Musnad Ahmad and
Haakim]


Charms
as a means of idol worship:


Charms
sometimes include pictures of saints and graves. Pictures are forbidden in
Islam, and it should be made known that the basic reason behind the
prohibition of pictures was to prevent Shirk from entering into the Aqeedah of
the Muslims.


Shirk first
crept into the previous nation through pictures and graves. When righteous men
died, people would erect their statues and make their pictures in places of
gathering. The later generations eventually venerated these pictures and
statues, and worshiped them besides Allah. When the churches of Ethiopia
containing pictures were mentioned to Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam), he said:
"If
any religious man dies amongst those people they would build a place of
worship at his grave and make these pictures in it. They will be the worst
creatures in the Sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection."

[Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh
Muslim]



Islam has prohibited all means, which could result in Shirk; one of them is
the prohibitions is portraying pictures and hanging them. Moreover, hanging
pictures of saints and graves in necks and believing them to be a means of
blessings, or believing them to be able to avert evil is a clear Shirk,
because this belief implies giving Divine Power to avert evil and bring good
fortune, which is unique for Allah alone, to created beings.

_________________
There is no worthy of worship exept ALLAH and Mohammed is his messenger
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