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Registration date : 2006-10-07
|Subject: Four Basic Rules of Pure Monotheism Tue Oct 02, 2007 6:42 am|| |
Four Basic Rules of Pure
based on an essay by
Shaykh Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahab
God, Lord of the Glorious Throne, I pray that He may guide you in this world and
the next; that He may always bless you; that He may make you one of those who
recognize His bounty, who remain firm in face of adversity, and who repent and
seek His forgiveness if they disobey or sin. These three characteristics are the
indices of felicity and blessedness.
Know that pure worship and monotheism, which is the
religion of Abraham, consists of worshipping God alone, of dedicating yourself
sincerely to serving Him. God said: "I have not created jinn and men but to
worship Me".1 Once you know that God has created you to
serve Him, you will realize that there can be no service except with Pure
Monotheism (Arabic: Tawhid). Just as there is no formal prayer without
purity, and there is no purity with uncleanliness, so there is no worship of God
while worshipping others along with Him (Arabic: Shirk).
others with Almighty God, man's worship is spoilt, his deeds are vain and he is
doomed to eternal Hellfire. If you are cognizant of all this, you will realize
that your most important care should be to have all the knowledge pertinent
thereto, that God may save you from Hell's terrible abyss. Almighty God said:
"God will not forgive any the association of anything with Him; but He will
forgive any lesser offense to whomsoever He chooses".2
Such pertinent knowledge consists of four basic rules, elaborated in Almighty
God's Holy Book.
The first rule is the knowledge that the
unbelieving pagans whom the Prophet Muhammad, the peace and grace of God be upon
him, opposed, did acknowledge that Almighty God - May He be glorified - is
indeed the Creator, Provider and Maker of this world. However, this did not make
them Muslims. Evidence therefore is in the verse: "Ask them: 'Who sends down
for you your provision from the sky and grows it out of the earth? Who hears
your prayer and sees your condition? Who brings the living out of the dead and
the dead out of the living? Who directs the course of the world?' They will
answer: 'God.' Answer: 'Would you then not fulfill your duty to
The second rule is to know that the unbelievers
claim that they do not pray to their objects of worship and call on them except
to the end that they may intercede on their behalf with God, as the verse said:
"Those who worshipped others as patrons beside God, claiming that they did so
only to come through their intercession nearer to Him, will receive the judgment
of God in the matter they contend. God will not guide the ingrate, the
liar".4 Evidence regarding intercession is in the verse:
"They serve beside God beings which can neither benefit nor harm, claiming,
'These are our intercessors with God.'"5 There are two
kinds of intercession, one illegitimate and the other legitimate.
The former is
that which is sought from sources other than God regarding matters where all the
power lies in God alone. Evidence for this is-in the verse: "O men who
believe, spend of that which We have provided for you before the Day when there
will be neither sale nor purchase, neither favors nor intercession. The
unbelievers are themselves unjust."6 The legitimate
intercession is that which is asked of Almighty God, where the intercessor
receives his power from Him, and the interceded for is he whom God is pleased to
accept as such for his word and deed. Almighty God said: "No one may
intercede with God except by His permission".7
The third rule is the knowledge that the Prophet
Muhammad, may God bless him and give him peace, appeared among people of many
religious traditions. Some worshipped angels; others worshipped the prophets and
saints of God; others worshipped trees and stones, sun and moon. All of these
peoples were fought by him, as they must, relentlessly without distinction.
Evidence therefor is in the following Qur'anic verses: "And fight them, that
there may be no aberration in religion, and all religion belongs to Almighty
God".8 "Day and night, sun and moon, are His creation
and sign. Do not .worship the sun or the moon, but God, their Creator, if you
seek the truth".9 "Almighty God does not command you to
take the angels and prophets as Lords".10
"And God said
to Jesus, son of Mary: 'Did you ask men to take you and your mother for objects
of worship beside Almighty God?' He answered: 'Praise be to You, O God! How can
I have asked that which is not mine to ask? If I did, You know it and all that
is in my mind. I do not know what is in Your mind, O Transcendent, All- Knowing
God! I have not conveyed to them except what You have commanded me to convey,
namely, Worship and serve God, my and your only Lord. I was a witness for You in
their midst. When You caused me to die, You took over the witnessing on them as
well as on all else. If You punish them, they are Your creatures; and if You
forgive them, You are the Mighty, the Wise".11
unto whom they pray [i.e., the saints] themselves seek an avenue to their Lord's
mercy, compete in coming close to Almighty God, and fear His punishment.
Punishment of your Lord is certainly to be shunned".12
"Have you considered al-Lat, al-'Uzza and the third one
Manat?13 Are yours the males and His the females? Is
this not ridiculous? All of them are but names which you have named, following
the example of your ancestors. God gave no voucher for them. You follow but a
guess and your own desires".14
The people who associate partners with Almighty
God, in both belief and worship, in our own day are worse and hence more guilty
than those of pre-Islamic times. For, the ancient ones used to only worship
others besides God in prosperity and return to genuine faith in adversity,
whereas the present day associationists are constant in their unbelief,
regardless of prosperity or adversity.
Evidence for this is in the Qur'anic
verse: "And when they ride in barks [in stormy seas] they address their
prayers to Almighty God in complete sincerity, but relapse into shirk (i.e.
associating partners with Him) when they reach the
shore".15 May the peace and blessings of Almighty God be
upon Muhammad, his Companions and all those who follow him until the Last
1 Qur'an 51:56.
2 Qur'an 4:47, 115. It should be
mentioned that Almighty God will forgive those who have ascribed partners Him,
or worshipped others along with Him, if they repent from doing it before they
3 Qur'an 10:32.
4 Qur'an 39:3.
5 Qur'an 10:18.
6 Qur'an 2:254.
7 Qur'an 2:55.
8 Qur'an 2:193.
9 Qur'an 41:37.
10 Qur'an 3:80.
11 Qur'an 5:116-118.
12 Qur'an 17:57.
13 The names of false gods which
were worshipped by the pre-Islamic Arabs.
14 Qur'an 53:19-23.
15 Qur'an 29:65.
There is no worthy of worship exept ALLAH and Mohammed is his messenger