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 Jealousy and its Cures Part 1

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Ahmed
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PostSubject: Jealousy and its Cures Part 1   Jealousy and its Cures Part 1 Icon_minitimeTue Oct 02, 2007 2:04 pm

Jealousy and its Cures


Developing the Muslim
Character

Jealousy and its
Cures Part 1

From As-Sunnah Bi-Monthly Newsletter (issue
19)

Compiled by Shawana A. Aziz





"Beware of jealousy,

for verily it destroys good deeds

the way fire destroys wood."



Jealousy and its Cures Part 1 Jealousy

Hasad
(jealousy and envy) is among the most destructive emotions or feeling which a
man may have towards his fellow human being. It causes him to wish evil for
others and to be happy when misfortune befalls them. The Prophet (sallallahu
alaihi wa-sallam) warned against envy by comparing it to fire that completely
burns the wood. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:
"Beware of jealousy, for verily it destroys good deeds the way fire destroys
wood."
[Abu Dawood]



Hasad is a disease of the heart and it causes impurity to the heart, when
Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) was asked who are the best of
people? He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) replied: "the
one with a clean heart and truthful tongue."
They asked: 'We understand
a truthful tongue, but what does a clean heart mean?' he answered:
'It is the heart of one that is pious, pure, and is free
of sin, transgressions, hatred and Hasad."
[Ibn Majah]



Hasad is such a dangerous characteristic that Allah revealed verses of the
Qur'aan to be recited as a protection from the jealous,
"Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the dawn… from the evil of envious when he
envies."
[Soorah al-Falaq (113): 1]



At-Tirmidhee narrated from al-Zubayr Ibn al-Awam that the Prophet (sallallahu
alaihi wa-sallam) said: "There has come to you the
disease of the nations before you, jealousy and hatred. This is the 'shaver'
(destroyer); I do not say that it shaves hair, but that it shaves (destroys)
faith…"
[(Hasan) Jamee at-Tirmidhee (2434)]



Hasad can cause the person to indulge in disbelief because it causes the
individual to feel that Allah has not been fair with him; he forgets all the
mercy and blessings which Allah has bestowed upon him. The Messenger of Allah
(sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "They are enemies
for Allah's bounties."
They asked: "Who are they?" He said:
"Those who envy people for what Allah has given them of
Bounty."
[at-Tabaranee]



Allah through His Absolute Wisdom has given some people more wealth,
intelligence, beauty, strength, children, etc. than others. The believing
Muslim should be content with what Allah has destined for him. Allah says:
"Allah favored some of you over others with wealth and
properties… Do they deny the favors of Allah?"
[Soorah an-Nahl (16):
71] And: "Do they envy men for what Allah has given them
of His Bounty?"
[Soorah an-Nisa (4): 54]



"It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood
in this world, and We raised some of them above others in ranks, so that some
may employ others in their work. But the mercy of your Lord is better."

[Soorah az-Zukhruf (43): 32] meaning mercy of Allah is better than the
convenience of the world. The materials of this life do not make one superior
to another in Allah's Judgment. True superiority lies in Taqwa (righteousness,
fear of Allah). He said: "Surely, the most noble of you
to Allah is the most God-fearing."
[Soorah al-Hujurat (49): 13]
"And the Hereafter with Your Lord is (only) for those
who have Taqwa."
[Soorah az-Zukhruf (43): 35]



What belongs to the transient world is of no significance before Allah. The
Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "If this
world were worth a mosquito's wing before Allah, He would not give a
disbeliever a drink of water."
[At-Tirmidhee]



The favors of Allah in the world are a test; the more the favors, the more the
tests. Al-Hasan al-Basri said: "Umar Ibn Khattab wrote this letter to Abu Musa
al-Ash'ari, 'Be content with your provision in this world, for the Most
Merciful has honored some of His servants over others in terms of provision as
a test of both. The one who has been given plenty is being tested to see if he
will give thanks to Allah and fulfill the duties which are his by virtue of
his wealth…" [Ibn Hatim]



Allah, the Exalted, has therefore forbidden us from desiring what other have,
"Do not wish for what we have favored some of you over
others."
[Soorah an-Nisa (4): 32]



In order to discourage envy, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:
"Do not look to those above you. Look to those below
you, as it will more likely remind you of Allah's favors bestowed on you."

[Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim] On another occasion, he said:
"If one of you looks at someone wealthier and better
built than him, he should also look at someone of lower standard than
himself."
[Saheeh Muslim]



Islam permits
Ghibtah

What Islam permits in contrast
to Hasad (destructive jealousy) is Ghibtah (envy that is free from malice),
which means neither loving the loss of the blessing nor hating for it to
remain with the person, but desiring the same for oneself without the removal
of the blessing from others.



The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:
"Envy is allowed in two cases, in case of a man whom
Allah has given the Qur'aan and who recites it throughout night and day; and a
man on whom Allah has bestowed wealth who gives it away throughout night and
day."
[Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim] and he (sallallahu alaihi
wa-sallam) also explained what may be said: "I wish I
were given what he was given and did with it what he did."




The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:
"The similitude of the people of this Ummah is like four
individual. One whom Allah has given wealth and knowledge, so he handles his
wealth with the knowledge. One whom Allah has given knowledge but not wealth
and he says, 'Lord, should I have wealth like so-and-so I would have handled
it like him.' So they both have the same reward. Such a person loves to have
wealth like others so he can do good like others without wishing that the
others lose their wealth. Another man, Allah has given him wealth but no
knowledge and he spends his wealth in disobedience to Allah. And last, a man
whom Allah has not given knowledge nor wealth but he says, 'Should I have
wealth like so-and-so, I would spend it in the way he does.' So, both will
have the same sin against them."
[at-Tirmidhee and Ibn Majah]

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