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 Characteristics of a Wali Part 2

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Ahmed
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Ahmed

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Registration date : 2006-10-07

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PostSubject: Characteristics of a Wali Part 2   Characteristics of a Wali Part 2 Icon_minitimeTue Oct 02, 2007 2:09 pm

The Characteristics of a Wali of Allah



Characteristics of a Wali Part 2




[This article is adapted
from the Book "Criterion between the Allies of Allah and the allies of the
Devil" by Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah]


From As-Sunnah Bimonthly
Islamic Newsletter



Allah made it clear in the
verse that Allah loves whoever follows the Prophet, and whoever claims the
love of Allah, but does not follow the Prophet, is not from the allies of
Allah. Al-Hasan al-Basri said about this verse: "A group of people claimed to
love Allah, so He sent down this verse as a test for them."



And secondly to believe in all that which he (Prophet) was sent with. Anyone
who does not believe in it is not a believer, much less a pious ally of (waly)
of Allah. Whoever believes in part of what he brought and rejects part is a
kaafir, and not a believer:



"Those who disbelieve in Allah and His Prophets and seek to differentiate
between Allah and His prophets, and they say: "We believe in some and we
reject some" Such are true disbelievers, and We have prepared for the
disbelievers a humiliating punishment. As for those who believe in Allah and
His prophets, and sought not to differentiate between any of them. We shall
give them their rewards. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving and Most Merciful."
[(4): 150-152]



Whatever stage the person reaches in terms of asceticism, devotion, and
knowledge, but without belief in the entire message brought by Muhammad (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam), it can never make him a believer, nor an ally of Allah.
Allah said: "Whoever turns away from the reminder of
the Merciful, we will assign to him a devil, who will be a partner to him."

[(43): 36]


The reminder is the reminder
with which He sent His Messenger such as the Qur'aan. So, whoever does not
believe in the Qur'aan, and all the information contained therein, has turned
away from it, and so is assigned a shaitaan. He turns himself as blind from
the Book of Allah and Allah will turn him blind on the Day of Judgment:


"And
whoever turns away form my reminder will have an oppressive, restricted life,
and We will resurrect him on the Day of Qiyamah: blind. He will say: "Oh my
Lord! Why have you resurrected my blind, while I used to see?" (Allah) will
say: "Just as My verses came to you and you forgot them, today you are
forgotten."
[Soorah Ta-Ha (20): 124-126]


This verse clearly shows that
'my reminder' here is the same thing as 'my verses' which Allah sent down.
Thus, even if someone mentions Allah (which is known as 'dhikr' in Arabic)
constantly, day and night, with devotion, but at the same time is not a
follower of Allah's dhikr (Qur'aan) which He sent down to His prophet, he
would be one of the allies of shaitaan, even if he were to fly through the
air, or walk on water.



Faith also includes - belief that Prophet is the intermediary between Allah
and His creation for the purpose of delivering His orders and forbiddance, His
promises and threats, and the definition of Halaal and the Haraam. The Halaal
is that which Allah and His Messenger have declared Halaal, and the Haraam is
what Allah and His Messenger have ordained, because Allah commands the
believers to obey him:


"O
you who believe! Obey Allah and Obey the Messenger and make not vain your
deeds."
[Soorah Muhammad (47): 33]


"He
who obeys the Messenger had obeyed Allah"
[Soorah An-Nisa (4): 80]


He also says:
"Whatsoever the Messenger gives you take it and
whatsoever he forbids you refrain from it."




Thus, whoever believes that any waly has a way to Allah without following the
Prophet (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) is a kaafir, and is an ally of the devil.



Actions of the Allies of Allah

The allies of Allah are of
two levels: forerunners those who brought near - and those of the right hand
who act in moderation. Allah, the Exalted says reminding the Day of Judgement:
"And you (all) will be in three kinds (i.e separate
groups). So those on the Right Hand and Who will be those of the Right Hand?
And those on the Left Hand and who will be those on the Left Hand? And those
foremost will be foremost in Paradise. They will be those nearest to Allah."
[Soorah al-Waqiyah (56): 8-12]



And again Allah says in the end of the same Soorah:
"Then, if the dying person be of the Muqarraboon (those brought near to
Allah.) (There is for him) rest and provision, and a Garden of delights
(Paradise). And if he be of those on the Right Hand. Then there is safety and
peace for those on the Right Hand. But if he be of the denying then for him is
entertainment with boiling water. And burning in Hell-Fire."
[(56):
88-94]


And the actions of these two
groups are mentioned in the Hadeeth of Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam):

"Allah says: "Whoever takes a Wali (loyal slave) of
Mine an enemy, I will wage war on him; and My slave will not perform any act
with which he draws closer to Me, more beloved to Me then when he fulfills
what I have ordained on him; and My salve will keep drawing closer to Me by
performing the Nawafil (voluntary acts of worship) until I love him, and when
I love him, I will be his hearing with which he hears, his sight with which he
sees, his hands with which he strikes, and his legs with which he walks; and
if he asks Me, I will give him; and if he seeks refuge with Me, I will grant
him refuge."
[Saheeh Bukharee]



Consequently, the righteous - those of the Right Hand are those who seek to
come close to Allah with obligatory actions: they do that which Allah has
ordered them to do, and avoid that which Allah has forbidden them, and do not
demand of themselves the doing of the commendable but less than obligatory
(i.e. mandoob), or the avoiding of some of the disrecommendable of the allowed
(i.e. makrooh)



As for the forerunners those brought near, they sought to come close to Allah
with extra efforts after the obligatory. They did the obligatory and the
commendable, and avoided the forbidden and the non-recommended. When they
sought to come close to Him with everything within their ability of that which
they love, Allah's love for them became complete, as Allah says:
"ůMy salve will keep drawing closer to Me by
performing the Nawafil (voluntary acts of worship) until I love himů"

[Saheeh Bukharee]



The Allies of Allah have no
Special Appearance


The allies of Allah have no
special appearance with which they differ form other people. They have no
special dress from other than just being permissible. Rather, they are to be
found in all categories of the nation of Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam).
However, the Qur'aan and the Sunnah show clearly that the best people in the
sight of Allah is the one with the most of Taqwa (pious practice):


"O
people, we have created you from a male and a female and made you in peoples
and tribes that you may know each other. Verily, the noblest of you in the
sight of Allah is the greatest in righteous practice."
[Soorah al-Hujarat
(49): 13]



Abu Hurairah narrates in a Saheeh Hadeeth: "The
Prophet of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) was asked: "Which people are the
best? He said: "Those greatest in taqwa (righteous practice)"ů
[Bukhareee
and Muslim]



Allies of Allah are not
ma'soom (protected) from mistakes


It is not a condition for an
ally of Allah that he be free of (protected from) mistakes and errors. It is
quite possible that some knowledge of the shari'ah may be hidden from him,
just as it is possible for him to be confused about some issues in Islam But,
he may not necessarily because of this, leave the ranks of allies of Allah,
since Allah has overlooked and forgiven for this Ummah error, acts of
forgetting, and things done under compulsion:



"There is no burden upon you for that in which you were mistaken, rather that
which you have done with the full determination of the heart."

[Soorah Ahzab (33): 5]


Abu Hurairah (may Allah be
pleased with him) said: "Prophet (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
"When a ruler exerts himself to arrive at the correct
ruling, and is correct, he gets two rewards and when he exerts himself but is
mistaken, he gets one reward."
[Bukharee and Muslim]


Since, it is possible for any
ally of Allah to make a mistake. It can never be obligatory upon the people to
believe in everything any one of them says, except that in the case that one
of them is a prophet. Rather, it is obligatory for him to measure all of that
up to the criterion of that which the Prophet (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam)
brought. If it is in agreement therewith then he can accept it, but if it is
in disagreement then he must reject it, and if he cannot be sure whether it is
in accordance with the Prophet's message or at variance with it, he must
refrain from believing it or applying it.



The second Caliph Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), regarding whom Prophet
of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "In
previous nations there were individuals who were addressed (with the truth).
If there are such people in my nation, Umar is the one of them."
[Bukharee
and Muslim]



"Verily, Allah has put the truth on the tongue of Umar and in his heart."

[At- Tirmidhee (hasan)]


But, Umar always did that
which was obligatory upon him: i.e. - to measure things that occurred to him
against that with which the Prophet (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) was sent. He
never said: "I am mahaddath, I receive inspiration and visions, and so you
should accept that which I say and not oppose me therein."


Heart is an intuitions and
not protected from falling into errors, and so one needs always to measure
them against that which has been brought by the Prophet (sallalahu alaihe
wa-sallam), the protected from falling into error. And the early scholars of
Islam have unanimously agreed that the opinions of any man can be accepted and
rejected i.e. they are open to questions except for the statements of the
Prophet.


The point we are
making here is an issue of complete consensus of the allies of Allah:


It is obligatory upon the
allies of Allah to hold tight to the criterion; the Qur'aan and the Sunnah,
and no one of them is ma'soom; i.e. protected against falling into errors,
such that it is permissible to him or to his followers to follow that which
comes to his heart without subjecting it to the test of the Qur'aan and the
Sunnah. Whoever does not accept this is in no way or shape or form among the
allies of Allah, whom Allah has ordered us to emulate. Such a person is either
'kafir' or is engaged in extreme and excessive foolishness and ignorance.

_________________
There is no worthy of worship exept ALLAH and Mohammed is his messenger
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