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 Thankfulness towards Allah

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Ahmed
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Ahmed

Number of posts : 951
Registration date : 2006-10-07

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PostSubject: Thankfulness towards Allah   Thankfulness towards Allah Icon_minitimeTue Oct 02, 2007 2:14 pm

Thankfulness towards Allah


Thankfulness towards Allah


"That is because Allah will never change the
grace which He hath bestowed on a people until they change what is in their
(own) souls"
{Soorah al-Anfal (Cool:53}


This is one of the ways in which Allah deals with His servants, for He made
the condition of people directly related to their belief. If they change their
belief, Allaah will change their condition. Allah will replace their security
with fear, and their sustenance. And security and sustenance are two Allah's
greatest graces. Allah says in the Quraan: "So let them worship Allah the
Lord of this House (the Kaaba) Who provides them with food against hunger and
with security against fear (of danger)"
{Soorah Quraish (106:3-4)}


Suhaib ibn Sinan narrated that the Prophet said:
"How remarkable is the case of the believer! There is good for him in
everything, but this is not the case for anyone except for the believer. When
the believer receives any good, he is thankful to Allah, and gets a reward. And
when some misfortune befalls him, he endures it patiently, for which he is
(also) rewarded."
{Fiqh as-Sunnah, vol.4, p.1.}


What is Thankfulness?


In Islamic terminology, Thankfulness is the acknowledgment of the fact that
Allah is the only Grantor of graces, and full submission to Allah in a way that
assures that acknowledgment. The graces (favors) of Allah are endless and
countless. Allah says in His Book: "And if you were to count the blessings of
Allah, you will never be able to count them."
{Soorah Ibrahim (14): 34}


He, the All Mighty also says: "And whatever blessings and good you have,
it is from Allaah .."
{Soorah an-Nahl, (16): 53}


How can a servant (Abd) thank Allaah? {The word ‘slaves’
represents mankind, for all of mankind are expected to totally submit to the
will of Allah}The servant can thank Allaah in many ways. These
include:

1. Prostrating to Allah,
when the servant receives
a blessing from Allaah or when Allah saves him from a disaster. The Messenger of
Allaah (salallahu alaihi wasallam) used to prostrate to Allah whenever he
received a pleasant thing or was told good news. This prostration is conducted
for the sole purpose of giving thanks to Allaah, the Granter of the grace and
benefit that the servant received. [see Fiqh as-Sunnah by Sayyid Sabiq (English
trans.) vol.2, p.45]


Abdur-Rahman ibn 'Auf relates that the Messenger of Allah (sallaahu alayhi
wasallam) went out once and he followed him until he entered a grove of palm
trees and prostrated. His prostration was so long that 'Abdur-Rahman feared that
Allah had taken his soul. 'Abdur-Rahman came to look at him and he raised his
head and said: "What is wrong, Abdur-Rahman'?" Abdur rahman mentioned what had
happened, and he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "Gibra'el came to me and
said: 'Shall I not give you glad tidings'? Allah says to you, Whoever prays upon
you, I pray upon him. Whoever salutes you, I salute him.' Therefore, I
prostrated to Allah in thanks."

{This is
related by Ahmad and by Al-Haakim who says: "It is sahih according to the
criterion of al-Bukhari and Muslim}


2. Thanking Allah in words: The majority of the scholars agreed
that if the servant does not thank Allaah for the grace he has, then that grace
will go away and may never come back. Allah's Messenger (sallaahu alayhi
wasallam) said: "It is a fine thing when a believer praises and thanks Allah
if good comes to him, and praises Allah and shows endurance if smitten by
affliction. The believer is rewarded for everything, even for the morsel he
raises to his wife's mouth."
{Bayhaqi transmitted it in Shu'ab al-Iman.
Sunan at-Tirmidhi no.1733 See also Saheeh Muslim (7138)}


3. Talking about the benefits Allah has granted him. This is
because concealing the benefits of Allah is ungrateful. Allaah says in the
Quraan:

"Do they believe in the false
deities and deny the favor of Allaah."
{Soorah an-Nahl (16):72}


Ibn Katheer commented that denying the favors of Allah means hiding his
grants and/or relating them to others than Allah.


Narrated by Zaid bin Khalid Al Juhani : The Prophet led us in the Fajr prayer
at Hudaibiya after a rainy night. On completion of the prayer, he faced the
people and said, "Do you know what your Lord has said (revealed)?" The people
replied, "Allah and His Apostle know better." He said, "Allah has said, 'In
this morning some of my slaves remained as true believers and some became
non-believers; whoever said that the rain was due to the Blessings and the Mercy
of Allah had belief in Me and he disbelieves in the stars, and whoever said that
it rained because of a particular star had no belief in Me but believes in that
star."
{Saheeh al-Bukhari (1:807)}


4. Helping people in need. It was mentioned in a Hadeeth of
Prophet Muhammad (sallaahu alayhi wasallam) that:

"As the grants from Allah to a servant increase, so will the people's
needs of that blessed servant's services. If the servant ignores their needs, it
will cause those grants to be removed"
(lbn Hibban)


The Prophet (sallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, "If anyone strokes an
orphan's head, doing so only for Allah's sake, he will have blessings for every
hair over which his hand passes; and if anyone treats well an orphan girl or boy
under his care, he and I shall be like these two in Paradise," putting two of
his fingers together."
{Sunan at-Tirmidhi no.4974}


Why does the servant not thank Allah?
The servant may not
thank Allaah for several reasons:


1. The servant may be unaware of the general grants that were bestowed
by Allah
on the creatures. Many people wrongly think that money is the
only thing to be considered and ignore the other general grants such as hearing,
vision, sanity and health. The Prophet (sallaahu alayhi wasallam) said,
"There are two blessings which many people lose: (They are) health and free
time for doing good." {
Saheeh al-Bukhari vol 8: 421}


Aaishah, the Prophet's wife said: "Whenever a servant drinks a drop of water
which gets into his body and leaves it with no harm, then a thanks is due."


A man came to a good Muslim and complained that Allah made him very poor. The
good man said: "Would you like to have ten thousand dinars and be
insane?"
The Complainer answered: "No." The good man said: "Would you
like to have ten thousand dinars but have your legs chopped off"
The
complainer answered: "No." The good man then said: "Aren't you ashamed of
yourself complaining about your Lord while all of these grants which are His;
have been bestowed on you?"


2. The servant may not give thanks to his Lord because he is unaware of
the people who have less bounties than him.
This is mentioned in a
Hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim, that:


Allaah's Messenger (sallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, "Look at those people who
have less than you and never look at those who have more grants than you, this
will ensure that you will not depreciate Allah's grants." {Saheeh Muslim
no.1530}


At times of hardship, one should turn his eyes towards a person who owns less
worldly things than him. He will then be calmed and his ungratefulness will
disappear. One will then thank his Lord and say: "Thanks to Allah who has
guarded me against the harm which He has afflicted others, and who has chosen
not to afflict me" {Sunan at-Tirmidhi}


3. The servant may not give thanks to his Lord because he is unaware of
Allah's names, attributes and laws.
The real ignorant person is the one
who gets deceived by the amount of money he has or by his position or his power.
He forgets the fact that as Allah has granted, He may also take the blessings
away. Allaah says in His Book, "Say, O Allah! Lord of Power (and Rule) You
give Power to whom You will and You take away power from whom You will, and you
endue with honor whom you will, and humiliate who you will. In Your Hand is the
good. Verily, You are Able to do all things."
{Soorah al-Imran (3):26}


When does Allaah take His grants away from His servants?


1. When one commits sins: The Messenger of Allaah (sallaahu
alayhi wasallam) said, "The servant will be deprived a provision because he
committed a sin"
(Musnad Ahmed)


On the other hand, fearing Allaah causes His provisions to come forth, Allah
says in the Quraan: "And whoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him,
Allaah will make way for him out of every difficulty, And He will provide for
him from sources he never imagined"
{Soorah at-Talaq (65):2-3}


2. When the servant relates the grants to himself and does not
acknowledge
that Allah is their Grantor as Qaroon (a tyrannical king
mentioned in the Qur'aan al-Qasas (28): 78 ) said: "This has been given to me
only because of knowledge I possess."


Consequently. his punishment was, "So We caused the earth to swallow him
and his dwelling place. Then he had no group or party to help him against
Allaah."
{Soorah al-Qasas (28): 81}


3. When the servant does not give Zakaat. The Messenger of
Allaah (sallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, "Indeed Allaah the Most High said,
'We have sent down the wealth for the prayer to be established and that
Zakaat be given; and if the son of Aadam had a valley, he would love to have a
second; if he had two valleys, he would love to have a third, and nothing will
fill the belly of the son of Aadam except dust …"
{Musnad Ahmed &
at-Tabaraanee. Saheeh al-Jaami, no.1777}


So the money is actually Allaah's money, and we have been entrusted with it.
And he (sallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, "Do not shut your money bag;
otherwise Allah too will withhold His blessings from you. Spend (in Allah's
cause) as much as you can afford. "
{Saheeh al-Bukhari 2/515}


The Prophet of Allaah (sallaahu alayhi wasallam) also said, "Do not
withhold your money by counting it (i.e. hoarding it), (for if you did so),
Allah would also withhold His blessings from you."
{Saheeh al-Bukhari vol.2:
514}


4. When the servant of Allaah becomes arrogant due to the large amount
of money he has.
If the person feels superior to other people, and his
wealth becomes his only business, if he talks about it and only about it
wherever he goes, and forgets to remember Allaah and praise Him; if he starts
evaluating people based on their wealth, then Allaah will remove his grants.
Allaah says in the Quraan: "Woe to every slanderer and back biter. Who has
gathered wealth and counted it. He thinks that his wealth will make last
forever. Nay! Verily, he will be thrown into the crushing fire."
{Soorah
al-Humazah (104):1-4}

And finally there is no better example for us than the Messenger of Allaah
(sallaahu alayhi wasallam) who used to offer night prayers till his feet became
swollen. Somebody said to him, "Allah has forgiven you, your faults of the
past and those to follow."
On that, he said, "Shouldn't I be a thankful
slave (of Allah)?"
{Saheeh al-Bukhari vol.6: 360}

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