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 The Bad Consequences of the Tongue Part 2

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Ahmed
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Ahmed

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Registration date : 2006-10-07

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PostSubject: The Bad Consequences of the Tongue Part 2   The Bad Consequences of the Tongue Part 2 Icon_minitimeTue Oct 02, 2007 2:20 pm

The Bad Consequences of the Tongue Part 2




Most of
the people who will enter the fire, will do so due to their tongues



So a Muslim
must beware and learn to imprison the tongue from vain talk, for the Messenger
of Allah - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - said, “Every saying of the
children of Aadam is cursed, expept for the enjoining good and forbidding the
evil or for the remembrance of Allah.”
-
Sunan at-Tirmidhi


And “The
world and all that it contains is cursed, except for the remembrance of Allah
and what supports it,and a scholar and a student.”

-
Sunan Ibn Majah
(no.4112) and and authenticated by Sheikh al-Albani in Saheehul-Jaami’
(no.3414)


Abu Hurairah
- radiAllahu' anhu - reports on the authority of the Prophet - SallAllahu 'alaihi
wa sallam - that, “From the good Islaam of a man, is that he leaves that
which does not benefit him.”
-
Musnad Ahmed bin Hambal (4/132),
Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Sunan Ibn Majah, al-Baihaqi in Shu’ab al-Imaan



Imaam Ahmad -
rahimahullaah - mentioned in his Musnad on the authority of Anas radiAllahu
‘anhu who relates that the Prophet - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - said’
The eemaan of Allah’s servant will not be upright until his heart is upright
and his heart will not be upright until his tongue is upright.”

-
Also mentioned in al-Mundhiri
(3/234) and al-Iraqee in al-Ihya (8/1539)


One saying ! !
Subhan Allah:



Abu Hurairah
- radiAllahu' anhu - said that he heard the Messenger say, “Indeed a
servant (worshipper of Allah) may say a word which he doesn’t realize and it
will make him fall into the fire further than the East and the West.”



Abu Hurairah
- radiAllahu' anhu - also reported that the Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wa
sallam said, “Indeed a servant may say a word from which Allah’s pleasure
is gained and the servant does not realize it, Allah will raise him up levels.
Indeed a servant may say a word from which Allah’s displeasure is gained and
he does not realize it, Allah will put him in Jahanam due to it.”

-
Saheeh al-Bukhari
(8/485), Al-Muwatta (56/6) and in Saheehul-Jaami’ of al-Albaani


Imaam Ahmed -
rahimahullaah - along with at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasaai and Ibn Majah record a
Hadeeth on the authority of the Sahabee, Fujani - radiAllahu' anhu - who said,
“O Messenger of Allah tell me something that I may be firm upon?”. He -
SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - answered, “Say, My Lord is Allah and then be
upright concerning it.”
He asked, “What is the thing that you fear for
most.” The Messenger of Allah - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - took hold of
his tongue and said, “This!”. - Musnad Ahmed bin Hambal, Sunan an-Nasaai,
Sunan Ibn Majah and Sunan at-Tirmidhi



Backbiting (Gheebah)

Allah says in the
Qur'aan, “Do not backbite each other, would any of you wish to eat the
flesh of your dead brother, no rather you hate it!!
[Soorah Hujarat :12
]


The Messenger
of Allah once asked his Companions, “Do you know what is backbiting?” They
said, “Allah and His Messenger know best.”. He - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam
- said, “To mention about your brother that which he hates.” They said, “If
that we see about our brother is true?” He - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam -
said, “If there is in him what you say about him then that is backbiting, and
if you say of him that which is not true then you have slandered him.”

-
Saheeh al-Muslim
(4/6265), Sunan Abu Dawood (3/4856) and al-Muwatta (56/10)


The Prophet -
SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - vigorously opposed all aspects of backbiting,
even when it appeared in his own family. For example, once a woman visited
Aaisha - radiAllahu' anha - and when the woman got up to leave, Aaisha made a
sign with her hand indicating to the Prophet - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam -
that the woman was short of stature. The Prophet immediately chastised her,
saying “You have backbitten!” and in another narration, “You have said a
saying that if mixed with the sea it would change its color.” -
Mentioned
in Ibn Jareer in Tafseer al-Qur'aan al-Adheem, vol.4, p.328 (30) and Sunan Abu
Dawood (3/4857)


Abu Bakra -
radiAllahu' anhu - reports that the Messenger of Allah - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa
sallam - said, in his khutbah on the day of Nahr, “Indeed the blood,
property and honor are sacred to you, like the sacredness of this day (‘arafah),
like the sacredness of this place, like the sacredness of this month; Have I
conveyed the message?”
-
Saheeh al-Bukhari (1/105) and
Saheeh al-Muslim (2/2803) and part of a lengthy narration


And by Allah
he - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - has conveyed the message, so guard the
right of the Believers!



Tale-Carrying (Nameema)



Allah says in
the Qur'aan, “Woe to every slanderer and backbiter.”

[
Soorah Humaza:1]

The Messenger
of Allah - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - said, “The Gossip-monger will not
enter paradise.”
[Saheeh
al-Bukhari (8/82), Saheeh al-Muslim (1/187) and Musnad Ahmed bin Hambal
]

The Messenger
- SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - passed by two graves and said, “They are
being punished. As regards one of them then he used to go around
gossip-mongering and as regards the other then he was not careful while
urinating.”
-
Saheeh al-Bukhari (1/215) and
Saheeh al-Muslim (1/575)


On the
authority of Saeed ibn Zayid that the Messenger of Allah - SallAllahu 'alaihi
wa sallam - said, “Indeed the lowest form of usury is to prolong the speech
about the honor of a Muslim without justice.”

-
Sunan Abu Dawood
(3/4858)



Overcoming the evil
habit of backbiting




Firstly,
as Imaam an-Nawawee -
rahimahullaah - said that one should remember the punishment of Allah. And
remember that Allah is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. He is the One,
aware of ever saying, at every time. Then if one remembers this, then it is
only natural that one will be modest and shy in this aspect. We need to
realize that when one of us is hurt, when something wrong is said about the
creation, then what about the Creator, who is the All-Seeing and All-Hearing.




Secondly,
we should reflect on the
Qur'aanic verse, “Do not backbite each other, would any of you wish to eat
the flesh of your dead brother, no rather you hate it!!”
[
Soorah
Hujarat :12
]

And we surely
hate even the thought of it.



Thirdly,
fear that your own faults
would be revealed, as the Messenger of Allah - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam -
said,

“O you who believe with your tongues, yet eeman has not entered your
hearts. Do not backbite the Muslims, nor follow their faults. For he who
follows others faults then Allah will declare (disclose) his faults and he
whom Allah reveals his faults, then Allah disgraces him in his own house.”

-
Sunan Abu Dawood
(3/4862) and and authenticated by Sheikh al-Albani in Saheeh Jaami’ Sagheer



Fourthly,
take the advice of
the pious scholars of Islaam, among them ….

Umer ibn Khattab - radiAllahu' anhu - who said, “Be careful from remembering
people for it is an illness and be in the remembrance of Allah for it is a
medicine.”


A man
came to al-Hasan al-Basri - rahimahullaah - and said that, he heard that al-Hassan
al-Basri had backbitten him. Upon this he - rahimahullaah - said, “Who are you
that I may give you my rewards?”



Fifth,
and the most important thing
to keep in mind is that there is a great reward to refrain from backbiting, as
the Messenger of Allah - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - said, “Whoever
protects the honor of his brother in his absence, Allah will protect his face
from the Fire on the Day of Judgment.”
-

Sunan at-Tirmidhi and and
authenticated by Sheikh al-Albani in Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhi (2/1575)



Exceptions to
Backbiting



There are few
exceptions to backbiting, that the scholars have classified, among them …..







  • Oppression:
    If one has been harmed or one’s property has been unlawfully
    taken away by another, and this person goes to the ruler or judge in order
    to seek justice, this is not backbiting.






  • Changing
    the Munkar:
    If one finds a person involved in evil actions or
    innovations, and one is unable to correct his Munkar. It is allowed to seek
    the help of a more knowledgeable person, even if it mean defining the Munkar
    of the evil-doer or innovator.






  • Seeking
    a Fatwa (religious verdict):
    For example, there is a dispute between a
    husband and his wife, and if either of them seek the advice of a religious
    scholar, then this situation is exempt from backbiting.







  • Warning
    a Muslim from evil:
    For example, if a fellow Muslim is going to do a
    business with an dishonest person or if a Muslim is unaware that the person
    to whom he is marrying his daughter to, is an unreligious person; then to
    advice and guide him is exempt from backbiting.








  • Advising against innovators and sinners:

    If a innovator is openly involved in spreading
    his innovative beliefs or a sinner remorselessly declares his sin and is
    thus being a bad example for others; then warning others against him is
    allowed. But if he commits a sin secretly and as such harms just himself, to
    openly declare his sins is still strictly prohibitted.




REMEMBER!!


The Messenger
of Allah - SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - said, “Do not nurse a grudge
(against a Muslim) and do not outbid him for raising the price and do not
nurse aversion (strong dislike) or enmity and do not enter into a transaction
when others have entered into that transaction and be as fellow-brothers and
servants of Allah. A Muslim is the brother of another, he neither betrays (or
deceives him), nor humiliates him, nor looks down upon him. Piety is here (and
while saying so) he pointed towards his chest three times. All things of a
Muslims are inviolable for his brother in faith, his blood, his wealth and his
honor.”
-
Saheeh al-Muslim (4/6219), part
of the wording being that of Sunan Abu Dawood (3/4864)


He -
SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam - also said, “No (Muslim) man will desert a
man who is a Muslim in a place where his respect may be violated and his honor
aspersed without Allah deserting him in a place where he wishes help; and no
(Muslim) man who will help a Muslim in a place where is honor may be aspersed
and his respect violated without Allah helping him in a place where he wishes
his help.”
-
Sunan Abu Dawood (3/4866) and
and authenticated by Sheikh al-Albani in Saheeh Jaami’ Sagheer

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